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                  ɽũҵѧƼѧԺɽ̩271018
    ͼţS831.5 ױʶ룺A ±ţ1673-1085201501-0016-03
    ׵ߡӪҼ۸ϵͣڼһֱΪҪԴ ׵ĹӦţ Ӧ÷ḻԭΪԴܵԽԽӡСֲ㡢ߵصΪ׵ѡ֮Сӣ¸С۸׼۸ĵң ΪСṩ˳ɱǣСкеľǡ-ϾǵȿӪʱʳú ӰֵʣʣкáˣоͻСпӪʵķΪСһоص㡣
    1 СҪӪ
    СҪĿӪǷǵ۶ǣάءάءͿԵIJɣǹϸڵҪɷ֡Сеķǵ۶԰ľǡ-ϾΪ аľԼռ6.6%-ϾԼռ0.1%[1]СϸڵҪṹǣи߷ճȡˮԵﻯԡ
    ܽϴˮ֣ ճ[412]ճȻʹʳڸֻϲȣ ӶʳճĤƶͬʱճĶǿ볦ڵø͵ϣֹЩøͬ﷢ӦֶҲӵʡ֬͵ʵԴʵķڣڶڵĴ⣬ˮԵĶ볦ճĤĶǵ׸໥õճĤˮӣ [2]
    о֣ιС󣬳ϸӡϸӾϸ־ʹкӣӰ춯。⣬ϸ̼ʹճĤ΢ë[2]
    2 СӪõ;
    СӪõĹؼ ǽǵ۶ǵĸ״ṹĿǰҪͨѧøƼ⼰΢オת[3]УøƼӦĿǰоȵ㡣
    2.1 øƼûĿǰСøƼ صоľøͦ-ϾøǵûҪ¼档
    2.1.1 ֲϸڣͷϸľǺͦ-ϾǹֲϸڵҪɷ֣ϸʹͬã ֹϸֵͷšľøܹЧϸڽṹʹϸڵĵʡۡ֬ͷųӶЩֵʡ⣬ϸڱһЩľǵȷǵ۶֮γɵι̻ѧѱ ľøʹЩϸڵĵͷţʹ֮õá
    2.2.2 ʳճȣʺͱ۴лܣAME ľøͦ-ϾøԽӦǽΪСӣʹʧȥˮԺճԣʳճȣøӪʵĻϣӶЧظƶֵգ תʺͱ۴лܣ[14]̷Ȩȣ2008о֤ʵˮƽľøСAME ֵ[6]
    2.2.3 Դøľǿֱ볦ȵø֬øϣԣľøͨľԴøĻԡͬʱľøʹã ҲɼڶøķڣøЧӪʵա2000ڳøƼ ּøСʳӵĵøԱȶ30.7%[7]
    2.2.4 Ƴк΢ﷱֳθ΢Ĺȷͻ̣ СøƼӽʳճȣ ӿʳӵſգ˳ڵķͣЧֹк΢[15]·ʤ(2010)ʾ⼦ľøΪҺ帴ø ɽͻسä󳦸˾[8]
    2.2.5 Ӱ켤صĵСøƼӰգͬʱӰ켤صڡľøͨضѪغ ߶лˮƽǿȣ1998ڴӸø ߵóԭʹټ״ټؼ21 ⼦ȵءȸѪءøƼͨڴлصķڶ߼[9]
    3 СøƼӷʽע
    3.1 øƼӷʽøƼΪøƼ͵һøƼ СøƼһΪøƼСֲ죬Ҫľø-Ͼøøø͵øȵĸϣԵС׵IJࡣøƼӷʽҪ֡
    3.1.1 ֱøƼȫϺŨϡڴ󲿷ֲƷΪ״̬ һеΪ0.1%0.3% ϺŨֱӡǵøϼӹеʧøƼʵӦƼ һ߱Ϊ10%50%[10]
    3.1.2 ԺٽøƼӵУ ԱøƼеʧ˷ʹõøƼΪҺ̬Ʒӷ֬ͿĨաɼټӹʧֲڿı棬ϵعܵصӰʧȥԡ
    3.2 øƼӵעøƼĸʽ͸ϱ׼ͬ ԼһݾƷӡСӦһҪע¼[11]
    3.2.1 ƽ״ֵ׺Ϊ8.0%~8.7%СΪ11.5%~14.0%ʹùС󰱻ĺȻ׵ȴڶɣ С׺Խ䷽ֵˮƽάֲ䣬 ڶ½ijЩ½ȴ޷Сֲ
    3.2.2 СẬСףӶ֬ӲȣƷʣУ СẬԶĺˣڼСΪҪʱӦΪҪӪָ֮һ
    3.2.3 СҶغܵСеҶغ ҶغԼΪ20mg/kgɽϺõӰ⼦ķɫɫ͵ƵɫСҶغ٣ֻԼ0.4mg/kgҶؼݼãˣС׶ڰ⼦Կʹף ƷʣԻƼ޷ﵽʹɫЧ
    3.2.4 ιСעصСܵغ׸ߣʽϵͣҪɷСӦء
    3.2.5 СҪƳɿ̫ϸԷ״̬ιڼIJʳ
    3.2.6 עСĺڱע⣬ øƼʹòܴСĺ̡
    οף
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